Various Items of Early American Colonial FurnitureHistory of Early American Colonial Furniture
An early American colonial furniture Court-Cupboard with drawers and cupboards in the lower part. A fin oak piece of the early Stuart period, probably made about 1630. The cock’s head hinges on the doors of the cupboard are of early type. The fluted fronts of the drawers and the bottom rail show intelligent borrowing of architectural ornament and the columns in the upper part indicate a desire to use turning decoratively rather than to caricature by means of this process some unfortunate classic prototype. There are lines of punched ornament in the flat members of moulding on the cupboard doors of the upper part, and another line of punched ornament appears below the drawers. The ladder-back rush-seated chair is an early eighteenth-century type, a country made piece in ash, with a suggestion to deference to town fashions in the rudimentary hoof feet of the front leg.
An early American colonial furniture Oak Two-Leaf Gate-Leg Table with “barley sugar” twist leg in their correct opulent proportions. Compare them with the spidery spirals of machine-made, furniture trade, “Jaco”. The chair is a ladder-back early eighteenth-century type in ash. Compare it with the chair on Plate V, and observe the competence of the English country craftsman to achieve variety.
A early American colonial furniture Double Gate-Leg Table in oak, circa 1670-80. The legs are careful reproduction of Doric columns. The panel in the end, recaSlling the linen-fold device. Is unusual. The restraint of Puritan design is here united with comprehension of architectural proportion.
A early American colonial furniture Charles II Elbow Chair in walnut with turned underframing and legs. The traditional rigidity of English chair design still lingers in the form of this piece, despite the rather effusive gaiety of its decoration. The table is a late seventeenth-century design, showing Dutch influence in the legs, which are tapered as well as twisted, and particularly in bulbous feet.
A early American colonial furniture Charles II Chest in veneered walnut. This is a further development of the chest form. The box with the drawer underneath is now mounted upon legs. The decoration of this chest depends almost wholly upon the use of oysterwood veneering and cross-banding in sycamore on the edges of the panels, the top and the drawer. The drop handles on the drawer, the bun feet, as well as the veneering, are indications of Dutch influence.
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